Teacher's Guide for DIG TM Civil War BattlefieldsFebruary 2004
Teacher Guide prepared by: Leslie Anderson Morales.
Burial sites are valuable sources of information. Tombstones and grave markers carry information into the future. As cemeteries fill up, the amount of open land declines, and concerns about the environment increase, more people are considering alternatives such as cremation. What can we do to make sure that the stories of ordinary people are told?
Metal detectors located modern junk as well as artifacts. What are some other items that might be "detected"? What do you think scientists do or should do with bottle caps and other refuse?
Each year an acre of Civil War battlefield is lost to developers. Local governments experience intense pressure to expand housing, retail, and manufacturing activities.
Imagine that you are at a city council meeting to discuss the fate of a battlefield in your community. You are a city official concerned with generating revenue to build new schools and hire more teachers. Make a persuasive case for building houses on the land.
The National Park Service (NPS) surveys Civil War battlefield sites for archaeological evidence. Some people who work for NPS are responsible for preserving artifacts for further study. Others are responsible for interpreting the findings for children and adults who visit the site.
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Imagine that you a parent with school-aged kids. You want to preserve the beauty and historic value of the battlefield. Make a persuasive case for preserving the battlefield as an historic site.
Did the other person change your mind? How will you resolve the issue?
Have you visited an NPS Civil War battlefield or other historic site?
If you were planning a program for kids at a Civil War battlefield, what would you want them to learn? What would you include? What would you leave out? How would you help make it interesting?
Describe your experience using details from all five senses.
Civil War battlefields generated official battle reports, newspaper articles, and letters from participants. The archaeological evidence (bullets, cannonball fragments, gun parts, buttons and buckles) sometimes contradicts these documents. Propose a theory as to why this happens.
The Battle of Honey Springs helped determine the outcome of the Civil War. Describe the battlefield's geographic characteristics. Describe the troops who were in General Boone's forces. Describe the troops in General Blunt's forces.
Some Indians sided with the North while others sided with the South. Which side would you choose? Explain the reason(s) you made your decision.
Make a list of organizations involved in preserving these battlefields. How do they accomplish their goals?