Teacher's Guide for CALLIOPE: Galileo
Teacher guide prepared by: Nancy I. Colamussi, Elementary Education, B.S., M.A. Rocky Point School District, Long Island, New York.
Extended Response: Comprehension & Critical Thinking
The questions below can be used as written, simply answered in complete sentences, or easily transformed into longer essay (ELA) style questions, or even research topics. In any case, have the students support their answers with details from the text or use critical thinking skills to create a thorough and interesting answer. Consider the level of your students when deciding how to use the questions. The questions for each lesson can be found under the article's title below.
"The World of Galileo" p. 2-3
Math: Use the timeline on pages 2and 3 to answer the questions below.
"Guilty as Charged" p. 4-10
- How old was Galileo when he built the first 9-power telescope?
- What did Galileo discover with the telescope?
- What year was Galileo condemned for suspicion of heresy?
- What was published in 1638?
- How old was Galileo when he died?
"Galileo Galilei" p. 11-12
- Why did Galileo appear before members of the Inquisition in June 1633?
- Explain the different theories of Copernicus and Ptolemy.
- Why does page 8 state that 'Galileo was to some extent a victim of a political debate'?
- What clever format did Galileo use in writing his Dialogue on the Two Chief World Systems?
- Read page 9 and explain the powers of the Roman Inquisition.
Mark the statements below TRUE or FALSE. If false, please provide the necessary correction.
____ 1. Galileo's father wanted him to be a professional musician.
"Seeking Truth in Science" p. 14-15
____ 2. The teachers at Vallombrosa were monks.
____ 3. Galileo was not interested in medicine because it required spending too much time dissecting animals.
____ 4. Mathematics fascinated Galileo because it seemed to offer ways of explaining almost every aspect of the natural world.
"A Window to the Heavens" p. 16-20
- At first, why did Copernicus' theory appeal to Galileo?
- What did Galileo discover after he built the 10-power telescope and how did it help support the Copernican system?
- Why did traditional philosophers attack Galileo so fervently?
- What was the importance of Galileo discovering that Venus went through phases?
- Why was Galileo's visit to Rome in 1616 so important?
"An Inquisitive Mind" p. 21-23
- In Galileo's day, what were astronomers chiefly preoccupied with?
- How did Galileo try to please the officials in the Venetian government?
- How did Galileo's telescope give the military an advantage?
- Write an essay describing how Galileo's discoveries changed the way people thought about the heavens.
- Why did The Starry Messenger bring Galileo instant fame?
- Compare Galileo's new theories with the contemporary beliefs of the time. Why did Saturn puzzle Galileo?
- Explain two things that Galileo discovered about the sun.
"No Chains on the Mind" p. 26-29
- Explain Galileo's quote, "Only great minds could divine that wonderful arts lie hid behind trivial and childish things."
- What was Galileo's process for learning new principles?
- Explain Galileo's experiment from the tower of Pisa and its significance for Isaac Newton.
- What is the principle of inertia?
- How did Galileo teach his students to challenge authority?
- What was Galileo's view of nature?
Mark the following statements TRUE or FALSE. If false, please provide the necessary correction.
____ 1. Soon after Galileo's conviction in 1633, Pope Urban sent him directly to prison.
"A Daughter's Love" p. 30-33
____ 2. The Inquisition might have authority over Galileo's body, but they could not chain up his mind.
____ 3. In Galileo's book, Two New Sciences, the two new sciences concerned the right size of materials and the paths of falling and thrown objects.
____ 4. Theorems are propositions that can be proved from accepted premises and so are established as laws or principles.
____ 5. To avoid problems with the church, Galileo sent Two New Sciences to Holland to be published.
____ 6. By the time Galileo received a printed copy of his book, he was completely deaf.
____ 7. English mathematician Isaac Newton expanded on Galileo and Copernicus' work.
____ 8. Newton developed a new branch of Mathematics called algebra.
____ 9. Newton showed that the force of gravity exerted by the moon on planets and comets could be used to accurately describe their various orbits.
____10. Galileo had suffered a great deal at the hands of men and institutions of the church.
Explain how Galileo and his daughter could maintain strong beliefs in both science and the church. Is this possible today? Why or why not?
"The Galileo Spacecraft" p. 34-37
Match words 1-10 with their correct definition in column A-J.
||A. Invisible rays just behind the red end of the visible spectrum.
||B. Has the most heavily cratered landscape in our solar system.
||C. Scientists think that this moon may have an outer frozen layer encasing a warm ocean thus possibly indicating life under the ice.
|____4. Galileo Spacecraft
||D. A 3-ton NASA spacecraft designed to observe the Jupiter system.
|____5. asteroid belt
||E. National Aeronautics and Space Administration
||F. the largest moon in our solar system where the first internally generated magnetic field in a moon was detected.
||G. Refers to a curved path that a body follows through space.
||H. This moon is the most volcanically active body in our solar system.
||I. This planet has huge thunderstorms and its tremendous winds are caused by heat escaping from the interior.
||J. A zone of rocks midway between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.
- "The World of Galileo"
- moon of Jupiter
- Dialogue Concerning Two New Sciences
- "Galileo Galilei"
- False - doctor
- False - studying and memorizing
- "No Chains on the Mind"
- False - allowed to go visit his good friend, Archbishop of Siena
- False - strength
- False - blind
- False - calculus
- False - sun
- "The Galileo Spacecraft"