Teacher's Guide for CALLIOPE Mesopotamia--the land of firsts
Teacher's Guide prepared by Celestine Smith Candida
Fabulous Ur, pages 6-10
1. How did the Sumerians irrigate their crops?
2. What did Sir Leonard Woolley discover during the excavation of Ur?
3. Describe an average worker's house in Ur.
5. What items did the Sumerians import from other countries?
6. What did the Sumerians have in common with the Egyptians?
7. What roles did the gods play in Sumer?
8. What was the role of the king in Ur?
II- Art: Create a travel brochure on Ur based on the information in this article.
Gilgamesh and the Quest for Immortality, pages 12-15
1. Why was Enkidu created?
2. What was the outcome of the battle between Enkidu and Gilgamesh?
3. Why did Ishtar make Enkidu die?
4. How did Enkidu's death affect Gilgamesh?
5. How was Gilgamesh to be tested for immortality?
6. What did Gilgamesh learn?
Early farming, page 17
1. How are today's scientists and historians using the "past" to help them understand the present?
2. What crops did the Mesopotamians grow?
3. What was used as medicine during this period of time?
The Akkadian, pages 18-19, and Assyrian Expansion, pages 20-22
1. Explain how Sargon captured the city-states of Mesopotamia.
2. Compare the Akkadian and Assyrian expansions of Mesopotamia.
The Great Restorer, pages 24-26, and The Hand of Hammurabi, page 27
1. Discuss the achievements of Nebuchadnezzar and how they improved Babylon.
2. What was the purpose of the Hammurabi Code?
II- Essay Writing: After reading The Akkadians, Assyrian Expansion and The Great Restorer, have students write an essay explaining the reasons why these great empires fell after the deaths of their leaders.
Discuss mythology before reading The Babylonian Story, pages 28-29, The Great Flood, pages 30-31, and Inanna, a Sumerian Goddess, page 32.
1. Have students choose one of the myths to re-enact.
2. Have students write and illustrate their own creation myths.
War in the First Cities, pages 36-38
1. When did organize warfare begin in Mesopotamia?
2. How did historians know organized warfare existed in Mesopotamia?
3. How were canals used as weapons?
Digging up History, pages 40-43
1. Explain why each of the following archaeologist is important:
* Paul-Emile Botta
* Sir Henry Creswicke Rawlinson
* Sir Austen Henry Layard
* Hormuzd Rasam
* Robert Koldewey
Report writing: Use the magazine as the basis for more in-depth research on the following:
1. Sir Leonard Woolley
4. Ashurnasirpal II
8. Nebuchadnezzar II
10. King Frederick V
11. Claudius James Rich